Selasa, 14 Februari 2017

The Loyal Algae Eating Shrimp for Aquarium: Crystal Red Shrimp

The Loyal Algae Eating Shrimp for Aquarium: Crystal Red Shrimp – The Crystal Red Shrimp (CRS), which is also sometimes known as Red bee shrimp, is definitely a lovely match to any little planted tank. It has stunning candy cane striped shade making it one of the most wanted shrimp in the freshwater aquarium hobby. The gem Red shrimp resulted from the mutation of its own grading system and the bee shrimp is comparable to that of the sherry shrimp. 

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The Loyal Algae Eating Shrimp for Aquarium: Crystal Red Shrimp

The different levels while in the crystal red shrimp are as a result of selective reproduction helping to make them more important within the hobby. There have also been instances of the crystal red shrimp eating their exoskeleton(molten layer), dead fish inverts and live worms.

why a lot of shrimp fans have been in love with the Crystal Red Shrimp, as soon as you notice this species in person you will understand. Its color is unlike every other shrimp within the passion. I suggest that this species is acquired by all shrimp collectors at some point.

Please see conditions and the boundaries the Crystal Red Shrimp likes before you determine to attain this shrimp. Overtime a grading process is promoting and some marks of the Crystal Red Shrimp have become very expensive. Follow the link below for detailed info on the grading with this species.

Food For Crystal Red Shrimp

Gem shrimp that is red love to prey on algae similar to additional shrimp. They essentially eat detritus viruses, hair algae, and occasionally BGA(blue green algae). In a well- aquarium crystal red shrimp needs not many ingredients to their feeding routine as they are solely scavengers in the great outdoors. Crystal shrimp can be extremely delicate to water problems.

Within this concern there are specific pre-built ingredients distinctive from other common brands like Mosura, Shirakula, Tantora, and Biomax that neither changes nor affects the water guidelines significantly. It is also an alternative to employ a feeding bowl to moderate the eating which approach unwanted ammonia buildup from decaying food could be eliminated.


The gorgeous and common Red Crystal Bee Shrimp is definitely an aquarium cultivated reddish form of the bee shrimp Caridina cantonensis. These shrimp are hugely cultural beings which might be best-maintained in large colonies. They are suitable for mature tanks as they will be regarded by larger tankmates as a treat comprising towns of tiny, relaxing fish only. Red Crystal Bee Shrimp can view on many different algae types and are excellent algae eaters.

Tank friends & Compatibility

In a species tank that was only, CRS must be retained exclusively unlike Red Cherry shrimp. They replicate much slower than the shrimp and different shrimp pressures themselves are valuable and costly. It is useless risking both offspring and the adults in housing fish while in the aquarium's only purpose. They benefit from the firm of the own variety and may be put in an aquarium a lot of places to cover up and open water to move.


The Crystal Red shrimp's reproduction method is just about just like that of Red Sherry shrimp. It takes more attention and awareness of keep them content for breeding that is maximum but no always as challenging as some are inclined to assume. Crystal Red shrimp has a tendency to reproduce better in PH that is simple to slightly water. Additionally they reproduce better when performing water changes with R/ O water. A tank holding some Gem red shrimp and 10 gallons can get in breeding a nest you started.

The Great Freshwater Algae Eaters in Aquariums: Vampire Shrimp

The Great Freshwater Algae Eaters in Aquariums: Vampire Shrimp – Vampire Shrimp, Atya gabonensis, also called African Fan Shrimp, Giant African Fan Shrimp, African Filter Shrimp, Giant African Filter Shrimp, Gabon Shrimp, or Viper Shrimp, are natives of parts of Western Africa and areas of South America. Vampire Shrimp are peaceful, tranquil, on the bashful side and they like little places to conceal.

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The Great Freshwater Algae Eaters in Aquariums: Vampire Shrimp

At the exact same time, Vampire Shrimp seems to be quite social with other filter shrimp. They appear to be rather comfortable hanging out with other freshwater shrimp, particularly Bamboo Shrimp in the water current.

We had no idea they were filter feeders (like the Flower Shrimp) and would not hurt a water flea. We do need to admit that "vampire shrimp" sounds much more alluring than "African filter shrimp." But should you treat your vampire shrimp precisely like a Flower Shrimp, you'll do just fine.

It is also recorded from the east coast of South America; these populations may represent an alternate species and nevertheless, the genus isn't well analyzed. Their natural history isn't well-recorded.

Serving Diet

Vampire Shrimp food consists mainly of edible plant matter in the water, bits of uneaten fish food, and likely miniature edible microorganisms floating in the tank that are too little to be viewed.

In addition to this, it’s also advisable to supplement their diet with small flakes, finely ground algae wafers, shrimp pellets, or food composed of ground fish pellets. A pinch or two at the time will create the food particles hit the shrimp square in its filter fans. After several attempts, it’s simple to get the hang of it.


Colouring of the species can vary from a creamy white to an almost rust brown, and also a strong azure. It's believed that the water conditions will change colouring and harder the blue morph is caused by water. These shrimp have been known to change colouring many times in exactly the same year.


Best kept in community tanks with slightly bigger fish or like size tetra. Should not be kept with cichlids or incredibly competitive fish. Won't harm community tank members. Dwarf shrimp could also be housed with this species.

Harmonious Species

African fan shrimp do exceptionally well in same-species groups; I have also kept them with Atyopsis moluccensis Singapore wood shrimp, Japanese marsh shrimp, Caridina japonica Neocardina denticulate, and cherry shrimp. Small, peaceful community fish such as guppies, zebra danios, barbs that are cherry and so on are also fine, but please see the feeding caveats previously.

Life Span

Vampire Shrimp lifespan varies, but some can live a very long time. I have had some that lived for three years and I’ve heard stories five years, where some have been pushing. If a tank is secure and healthy as well as the shrimp is well fed and cared for, he (or she) should continue a pretty very long time.

That said, its not unusual for Vampire Shrimp to die soon after being added to a tank. Perhaps it’s due to the differences in the home tank water compared to the display tank water. Or it might also be due to just the condition of the shrimp, or the stress of being transported.


Breeding is very uncommon in captivity as is true for the majority of filter feeding shrimp. Most are caught. When you can get them to breed they are going to set a territory in a cavern or another dark spot. They're egglayers look carefully throughout the tank.

Senin, 13 Februari 2017

Popular Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Amazon Sailfin Pleco

Popular Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Amazon Sailfin Pleco – It's but one of numerous species generally called the common pleco or "Amazon Salfin Pleco"[citation needed] by aquarists. It will grow to a maximum length of 42.3 centimetres (16.7 in) SL. Pterygoplichthys pardalis is sometimes mistaken with the Hypostomus plecostomus (another armored catfish called the "common plecostomus").

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Popular Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Amazon Sailfin Pleco

This fish may become more agressive, notably to other plecos. This is a very hardy fish yet, and is a good addition to larger tanks. When of a proper size is able to hold its own with most other fishes. It's usually considered as just an algae eater, but its diet should be supplimented with other foods, including green peas, romaine lettuce, parboiled zucchini, sweet potato, squash, and sinking pellets, while it eats algae quite effectively. 

Driftwood ought to be comprised in the tank. Plecos will often eat live plants in the tank. As this indicates, when purchasing a specimen, do not purchase fish with hollow stomachs the fish has not eaten recently, and will most likely not survive long following the trip home.

Questions are asked about keeping them with Goldfish, but the principal worry here is that the "Pleco" will attempt to suck the slime coatings of the goldfishes body leading to impending disease problems. Better to place the smaller common Ancistrus species should you want an algae cleanser.


Pterygoplichthys could be recognized by the number of rays in the dorsal fin. More than 10 signals that it is a Pterygoplichthys. Most other plecos have 8 or fewer beams (in particular the bigger Hypostomus species that are most inclined to be confused with Pterygoplichthys).

Is also L023. A relatively nondescript species that's not likely to be imported as an L number. This is currently the most often available loricariid as commercial fish farms breed in enormous amounts them and might be discovered for sale in nearly all the larger chain-type pet stores.


In their natural habitat, this species feeds on algae, aquatic weeds and other plant matter and small crustaceans. Will eat mainly vegetable fare in the aquarium but will also eat pellet and pill foods.

Geometric pattern on the head and leopard -like, dark spots of variable size's on the abdomen region.
Peaceful on their own but will be territorial with their own sort.


The differences are shown by comparison of the genital papilla in mature fish in the sexes to the trained eye. In males this is a small yet thick stump which noticeably protrudes from the fish's undercarriage. In females it is recessed or lies flat with the body and is less clear.


P. pardalis is native to the Amazon River Basin of Brazil and Peru. Although generally a bottom-living fish, they have the capability to breathe air from the surface of the water during dry periods and those in which dissolved oxygen is too low

Reproduction & Spawning

Breeding of members in the family Loricariidae has been done fairly regularly. The aquarium should have clay pipes or tubes with a diameter that is reasonably large. The man will clean the site and will fan water over the eggs and fry. At a temperature of about 70f the eggs will hatch in about nine days. The fry will eat baby brine shrimp along with small flake food and algae scrapings. They're not the most easy to lift and a bare bottom tank is best.

Added info

The Common Pleco is often bought for its alga eating abilities, though it isn't as powerful in this respect as some other plecos. Overall, a good community fish if it is given enough room to grow and thrive in. 

The Best Freshwater Shrimp Algae Eaters in Fish Tank: Wood Shrimp

The Best Freshwater Shrimp Algae Eaters in Fish Tank: Wood Shrimp – The Wood Shrimp is one of the best shrimp in the avocation. It has several different names with including the Asian Filter Shrimp, Fan Shrimp, Wood Shrimp, and a number of others it's connected. Wood Shrimp is the name I prefer. I've kept several of the species within my shrimp keeping at different intervals.

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The Best Freshwater Shrimp Algae Eaters in Fish Tank: Wood Shrimp

To the aquarium hobby that was American it has found its way from southern Asia. When first introduced it was tricky to acquire, but not many big box aquarium retailers and local fish shops carry this shrimp.

Wood shrimp combinations into an aquarium and you'll love seeing them. They can be composed as well as a nice addition to your home aquarium. In keeping an aquarium, for beginners, you should consider keeping Wood Shrimp since it’s easy to care and undemanding.

Wood Shrimp Diet

Wood Shrimp are because of this they require a specialized food source and filter feeders. A few of Wood Shrimp may be preserved with no extra supplemental feedings in a very well recognized aquarium of 55 gallons or more. In case you should supplement the foods for foods designed for filter feeding invertebrates and Wood Shrimp powdered algae are indicated.

Wood Shrimp Behavior

You should take time to discover it for you personally to be aware of your Wood Shrimp. They often remain there for hours. During molting it feels endangered by other fish and therefore will locate a hiding place. If you will find it deciding in the substrate know that the it’s not well so make certain that you simply feed it as it’s advocated.


The Wood Shrimp can assume a variety of colours, including tan red, brown, and distinct shades of each. Some say that the coloration symbolizes the actual health of the species, but I disagree.

I really believe that the Wood Shrimp alters its coloration to blend in using its environment. Since the species must sit out in the open in the wild it'd seem sensible since they've been sitting ducks for predators while feeding in streams, that camouflage is required. Additionally, maybe the females may alter colors to signify that they are ready for mating. I'll try to achieve a conclusion on those theories.

Ideal Aquarium for your own Wood Shrimp

Wood Shrimp like sitting along with hiding spots. It’s advisable therefore to supply them with a part of wood to sit and some rocks for them to conceal when they feel like. Proper diet is, in addition, vital to their own survival.


Quite challenging. The adults is not going to bear salt in the aquarium, making acclimatisation and transferral of the larvae into brackish conditions very difficult and dangerous.

Additional information

As with all aquatic invertebrates it really is important to ensure copper does not enter the aquarium. Many medicines contain elevated degrees of copper, so it is recommended not to medicate an aquarium with Dwarf Shrimp in it. Most Wood Shrimp bought at fish stores are starving when they are first brought home. They'll be viewed picking at the gravel for food. If there's an adequate way to obtain food, this really is normal and should subside.

Minggu, 12 Februari 2017

Popular Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Zebra Otocinclus

Popular Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Zebra Otocinclus – Named for the Cocama - Cocamilla Indian tribes that used to be dominant in the low Ucayali and lower Marañon region of Peru, tropical fish also refers to as Zebra oto or the Tiger oto Otocinclus cocama keeping enthusiasts.

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Popular Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Zebra Otocinclus

Colour of the body is beige-gray. These stripes are dashed and they create a pattern like a zebra's stripes. The head of the fish is almost completely dark. The fish has beige-yellow under-side. External rays of the caudal fin are elongated. The caudal fin has dark border which looks like ”w” letter. Other fins are clear. When they are sexually developed, the sex of the fish can be comprehended. Female is thicker than male in the ventral parts.

The fish is located in small to mid size tributaries and in the slow flowing marginal zones of larger rivers, clear water creeks of the Ucayali River and possibly the Marañón River. They appear in large numbers in regions with aquatic vegetation or grasses growning close to the surface among the plant life in the top part of the water column, usually in the water.


Vegetarian, it feeds on algae and aufwuch . When introduced to an aquarium, there should be a good supply of common green algae or diatoms (brown algae) present or a great biofilm on plant leaves and other surfaces such as in an established aquarium, otherwise the fish may well starve. It'll feed from sinking foods for example algae, spirulina, kelp tablets and disks once acclimated. 

Vegetables like blanched spinach, cucumber and zucchini might be offered. It is going to eat other foods but mustn't be fed a diet lacking in vegetable (alga, etc) matter.

Distribution and Habitat

This fish is found in Peru in the Ucayali River and maybe Marañón River also. These fish are seen in mid-sized creeks with water that is clear. Marginal plant life is associated with by them.


This lovely miniature Loricariid is an ideal species to get a calm softwater put aquarium. In the wild it's located in the borders of clearwater creeks amongst dense vegetation. This is a peaceful fish which is best kept in great sized groups (6 ) in a mature aquarium with lots of shady hiding places amongst plants, driftwood, and slate caverns.

Avoid tankmates that are boisterous at feeding times, as these shy small catfish will not compete well. As with other Otocinclus, this species could be rather fragile when first imported - consistently ensure new arrivals are well rested, and quarantine any new purchases to make sure they settle in well before adding to the primary aquarium.

Tank Mates

The Zebra oto can be differentiated from other members of Otocinclus by its own lateral line that is complete and its blotchy perpendicular stripes. The Zebra oto has the most quantity of teeth of any species of Otocinclus, and except for Otocinclus batmani, the Zebra oto is distinguished by the “W” looking mark on its caudal fin from all the species of Otocinclus.


We don’t have some information about breeding these fish in the aquarium. They're imported and they really slowly adapt to life in captivity. After putting them in the aquarium, they're able to expire without the reason within six weeks. You need to create for these fish pressure-free conditions and feed them great quality and diverse food made of plants and vegetables.

The Best Algae Eating Fish for Aquariums: Golden Cloud Pleco

The Best Algae Eating Fish for Aquariums: Golden Cloud Pleco – The Scobinancistrus genera have an unusual dentition. They've 3 to 4 teeth in each half of the upper jaw and also the same in the lower jaw. Similar to Scobinancistrus pariolispos and may be a variant of this species.

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The Best Algae Eating Fish for Aquariums: Golden Cloud Pleco

As juveniles, these fish may be kept in little groups but as they mature they'll become territorial in the tank. Scobinancistrus pariolispos adding floating plants will even create shading spots and add wood or rocks to create hiding places, favor subdued lighting.

A really similar (possibly identical) form can be exported from the Rio Xingu and under the identity of L048. As you cannot tell them apart from photos, we've lumped the two together here. Although, beyond distribution, we have yet to see any reason why they are not all S. pariolispos, we've taken the conservative view with their identification.

Aquarium Care

This fish is an ideal addition to a sizeable 5ft. or finished aquarium including such fish as South American cichlids, discus and angelfish, only as long as the other occupants are not too competitive and can resist the higher water temperatures, but they'll get visibly territorial as they grow.

Typical size in fish tanks: 23 - 30 cm (9.06 - 11.81 inch)
Recommended pH range for the species: 6.4 - 7.6
Recommended water hardness (dGH): 5 - 19°N (89.29 - 339.29ppm)
The manner how these fish copy: Spawning
Where the species comes from: South America
Nature to its own species: peaceful
Usual area in the tank: Bottom amounts

Food and feeding

Supply Gold cloud pleco’s with a staple diet of quality flake or sinking pellets but they will relish treats of brine shrimp and blood worms. For extra vegetable matter add spinach and cucumber to the tank. Readily accepts a mixed and varied diet which includes sinking foods such as frozen bloodworm, catfish pellets and every other high quality foods which sink to the substrate. These catfish additionally possess a taste to feed upon more meaty foods such as for instance prawns, mussels and dead fish.

Suggested Tankmates

Suitable as angelfish tank pleco or a discus. Also OK with South American cichlids - a good strategy to brighten any oscar tank up - but mightn't do well with Central American cichlids due to their temperature requirements that are slightly lower. Perfect with rainbow fish should you not mind busting the biotope mould.


Sandy or little pea-formed gravel with groups of round stones and no or few plants best copies this natural habitat that is fishes. If keeping with plecos that are similarly sized, order the aquarium to ensure there are a lot of hiding places and multiple feeding regions to diffuse feeding time 'focus'.


Males grow larger. Males develop a more 'bristled' appearance that, in the light being reflected off the fish, can glow in certain light. The leading edge of the leading pectoral fin ray also becomes somewhat spiny in mature males.


As yet unreported. Being certainly one of the bigger plecos the care of a breeding colony remains the largest challenge - breeding would appear to be a problem of scale.

Jumat, 10 Februari 2017

The Best Algae Eater Snails for Tropical Tanks: Japanese Trapdoor Snail

The Best Algae Eater Snails for Tropical Tanks: Japanese Trapdoor Snail – Here is the only snail's scientific name about which I 'm 100% confident! Trapdoors are large (1-2 inch, normally about 1.25") snails formed like a swirly ball. While trapdoor snails don't require dirt in the bottom of the pond to overwinter, they appreciate having a few scattered leaves or a pot of dirt topped with pea gravel to "drive around in." They do in older ponds with increased food.

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The Best Algae Eater Snails for Tropical Tanks: Japanese Trapdoor Snail

This snail is a terrific asset in keeping algae as they dress your plants, planting pots and watergarden walls. They consume decaying matter such as fish food and leaves and also cruise the pond bottom. They only breed a couple of times annually so don't expect them to multiply fast like routine egg laying snails.

The Japanese Trapdoor Snail originates from ponds and slow moving streams with some plant life and also a muddy substrate. It's also called the Chinese Mystery Snail and is a live bearing species. The shells of Japanese Trapdoor Snails can vary significantly in pattern and color, but are generally brown/grey coloration.

Japanese Trapdoor Snail Attention

One of the best things about Japanese Trapdoor Snail care is that its comparatively straightforward. However there certainly are a couple things to bear in mind. Since Japanese Trapdoor Snails don’t possess a siphon like Gold Inca Snails, they do not visit the water surface to take in atmosphere. Still, the tank needs to be covered to the extent possible. Trapdoor Snails become injured, can inadvertently escape from a tank and expire.

When your snails breed and give live birth (maybe twice a year) pick the tender infant snails out from the pond and raise them in an aquarium in case you would like to save them. Other creatures along with Koi find the tiny snails to be a great treat. You're able to release them back into your pond or watergarden once they grow to an inch or so.


Float or hold the bag for a few minutes and when they adjust to the temperature change, let them into pond water. They are not happy campers when they arrive! They will appear lifeless of transport like a scared turtle in a shell, in the shock.

Diet & Eating

Among the advantages of keeping Japanese Trapdoor Snails is they are great small scavengers and algae eaters. They will spend hours going regarding the tank looking for food to consume. But while they are going to help keep a tank clean by eating leftovers, food should be included by their diets especially for them. Japanese Trapdoor Snails appear to be very thinking about fish flakes, bottom feeder tablets, pellets, along with other foods abundant with Calcium.

Japanese Trapdoor Snails could also like to eat a variety of fresh vegetables. Experimenting with blanched spinach, zucchini and lettuce may be a good start. Offer the snails fresh vegetables one at a time, in small amounts, and discover what the results are. Leave the vegetable in the tank to get a day approximately.

Delivery Education

They'll possess some algae as they truly are grown in algae ponds that are abundant, attached for their shells. As they get bounced about like small ping pong balls, one or two may get a cracked shell, however they'll mend. We cannot ensure live delivery on every single one of the snails on account of shipping conditions from our control.


Trapdoors are non-hermaphroditic, live-bearers therefore breed more slowly than other snails and. Which means that each and every trapdoor snail is a female or a male. Females give birth to from about 6 to 20 infants at a time.

Awesome Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Butterfly Pleco

Awesome Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Butterfly Pleco – The butterfly pleco is a lovely species, popular because of its distinctive striped pattern together with its size. They’re also quite peaceful, making the great care fish for smaller communities.It's been moved around quite a bit among distinct genera and you also may thus get the names Zonancistrus brachyurus or Peckoltia brachyura in some sources. 

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Awesome Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Butterfly Pleco

Now, the Butterfly pleco is considered an integral part of the genus Dekeyseria and its scientific name is thus Dekeyseria brachyura. Some stores sell Dekeyseria brachyura below the name Peckoltia pulcher.

Butterfly pleco have existed for several years and are one the most colourful pleco that are kept in the aquarium as compared to the common pleco which many goalkeepers see drab in comparison. This species of fish continues to be re-classified on the years quite several times which may cause some confusion when identifying which species of fish you really have as you will find several other similar noticeable plecos accessible.


Never compel it to survive algae growth that is natural on just in the aquarium; consistently supplement with an increase of food to make sure that your fish gets enough nutrients. You can for instance used algae based prepared food as a foundation and unite it with a lot of vegetables, such as potatoes, cucumber, zucchini and green peas. Wood must always be within the aquarium set up. Also give your Butterfly pleco small and infrequent portions of food that is meaty.


As stated earlier, the Butterfly pleco does not require a truly large aquarium the same as in case you're keeping a common pleco, they can be fairly in the home in an aquarium that could carry 30-50 Imperial gallons (140 - 230 liters, 36 - 60 US gallons) of water. They do gnaw to assist their digestion so the addition of this to the aquarium is a necessity. Other hiding places should also be contained by adding décor like plant pots that were upturned so the Butterfly pleco can hide away if it wishes to.


Decorate the aquarium with lots of driftwood and create appropriate spawning caverns among the wood. This can be a cave spawning species, so crevices or acceptable caves really are a necessity. They would rather lodge themselves into fitting indentations that are really tight. The man will stay around to guard and fan the eggs. He'll drive the fry till they are fully formed to stay inside the cavern.

Butterfly Pleco Facts:

1. The Butterfly Pleco has the ability by altering color to camouflage itself.
2. When spawning, the eggs will be protected by the male butterfly pleco until they’ve developed.
3. Butterfly plecos can be kept together though they could pursue each other and fan themselves out to establish dominance and guard their territory.

Added Information

This fish can transform its appearance in an instant to stay camouflaged, the same as a chameleon. Your Butterfly pleco might become almost entirely black should you work with a dark substrate in your aquarium. Additionally it is crucial that you remember why these fishes will alter appearance based on how well lit the aquarium is. A light substrate and backdrop is better for showing off this attractive fish.

Kamis, 09 Februari 2017

The Loyal Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Rhino Pleco

The Loyal Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Rhino Pleco – The Rhino pleco is also known as Chocolate pleco and Alligator pleco. Its scientific name is Pterygoplichthys scrophus, but a lot of sources utilize the synonyms Glyptoperichthys scrophus or Liposarcus scrophus.

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The Loyal Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Rhino Pleco

You'll be able to identify a Pterygoplichthys species from Hypostomus for example because of the many more rays in the dorsal fin, which can be up to over or 10. They also have nasal flutes on the nose.
The Rhino pleco can reach a span of 27.5 cm (nearly 11 inches). It is equipped with two nasal flutes that look like small horns on the head. The body coloration varies between black and rich brown, mottled brown.

You understand since it's more than ten rays in its dorsal fin, this species is one of the genus Pterygoplichthys. The Pterygoplichthys species are from time to time confused with the bigger members of the genus Hypostomus, but these two groups are actually simple to tell apart since Hypostomus species have eight or fewer rays in the dorsal fin.


They're mostly vegetarian with algae being their number one source of food but to keep a big fish fed on algae alone is impossible to help you feed also, spinach, blanched lettuce, cucumber, courgette (zucchini) and additionally non veg food such as tablets and prawns.


In males this is a little yet thick stump which clearly protrudes from the fish's undercarriage. In females it is less apparent and is recessed or lies flat with the body.

Distribution and habitat

Pterygoplichthys' habitat is the most frequent in floodplain lakes sluggish streams, and marshes. They can be understood in the Amazon Orinoco, Magdalena, Maracaibo, Paraná, Parnaíba and São Francisco systems.

These fish have been introduced into many places. Several species of Pterygoplichthys happen to be created in America in Florida, Hawaii, Nevada, and Texas. Established species include P. multiradiatus in Florida and Hawaii, P. disjunctivus in Florida, and P. anisitsi in Texas


The Rhino pleco is an omnivore species that requires meaty food and algae, vegetables in its diet. Because it's ill adapted for a diet rich in protein and low in fibres in case the Rhino pleco gets much meaty food and too little alga and vegetables it could succumb to illness.

The natural alga development within an aquarium is typically not sufficient to keep a Rhino pleco healthy ensure that you supplement with algae based prepared foods and fresh vegetables.


The most powerful uprooted or of plants tend to be eaten. Level rocks and bogwood are needed to build caves. Floating plants are even eaten by will. A good pleco for the deeper aquarium.


Men: Small teeth-like odontodes on more slender and back half of fishes; leading pectoral fin rays; broader head; first pectoral beam that is thicker.

Females: Smaller, less pronounced odontodes; rounder when viewed from above. They may be sexually mature at 6 – 8 cm. They're cave spawners, with the females after they've spawned, taking no further attention of the offspring. Once the eggs have hatched they are independent of both parents. They demand blackwater (tannins) to spawn, which can be accomplished through using Indian Almond Leaves in the tank.

If fish are native & local they really should not be moved from one waterway to a different, as this can transfer disease. Whenever they're not local fish, they are able to both spread disorder and either out-compete or eat local fish, shrimp & plants, causing their death.

Cleaner Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Candy Striped Pleco

Cleaner Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Candy Striped Pleco – Previously, the name Chaetostomus vittatus was utilized. The L-number for Candies striped pleco was L015. It is sold under the name Candies striped Peckoltia, since the Candies striped pleco belongs to the genus Peckolita. Within the hobby, Peckoltia vittata is frequently confused using the Clown pleco Panaque maccus.

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Cleaner Algae Eating Fish for Aquarium: Candy Striped Pleco

Peckoltia: named member of the Natural History Commission of Rondon, after Gustavo Peckolt.

This fish, often tagged 'Candy Striped Peckoltia' has frequently been mistaken in hobby literature together with the fish we now understand as Panaque maccus, the clown pleco [For instance, Baensch Atlas Vol. 1 has a graphic of Panaque maccus with the label Peckoltia vittata next to it]. Much like most Loricariids, colouration depends on mood.


This fish is omnivore, hey will eat most foods offered them. Though they aren't excellent algae eaters, these plecs adore vegetables, such as cucumber and zucchini. They can devour live and frozen foods equally, and relish meaty foods at the same time. These fish are best fed at night or just ahead of the tank's lights go out, to make sure that they get their share of food. Tankmates will most likely eat food added to the tank during the day since they are nocturnal.


Females stay unadorned and also have a wider girth on the other side of the body most evident when the region just behind the pectoral fins is viewed from above.


These catfish are quite hardy. They bear most water conditions well, but enjoy a great current, and well-oxygenated water. As they like to have their very own specific place, provide a minumum of one cavern per fish /s to hide. They may fight with other Loricariids if not enough caves are available.

Typical Tank setup

Rio Amazon biotope with plenty of stone, wood and live plants. This species generally makes aquarium plants alone, provided of course that you simply keep it well fed. Always include wood in the set up. They're shy by nature, and mainly nocturnal, so hiding places are required.

Suitable tank mates

Suitable for community tanks, but can be outcompeted by bigger, more sociable bottomdwelling fish. Ideally kept a species set-up. When kept with other bottom dwelling fish territorial in nature, sufficient room and hiding places are required. A medium sized pleco that may be united with a very wide variety of tankmates due to its nature that was unfussy. Absolutely safe with little fishes and shrimp or sturdy enough to resist the attention of all but the greatest cichlids.


The Candy striped pleco has been bred in aquariums. They truly are cave spawners. The male guards the eggs which are light yellowish and about 2-3 mm in size. The eggs normally hatch inside a week and following another week the yolk sac will usually happen to be have. It's possible for you to feed the fry newly hatched baby brine shrimp (BBS).

Water chemistry

Perfect is soft, slightly acidic water, yet this species is quite strong and adaptive, having the capability to live in distinct conditions (pH 5.5-7.5, dH range: 2.0-20.0). These fish prefer warm, fast-flowing water that's very oxygen-rich.

Added information

This species is just one of many similar-appearing Pleco's are sold under the name "Peckoltia vittata", nearly all of them not scientifically classified. In many cases, the only method to tell these fish is by knowing where it was originally collected.